In a normal sleep cycle, a person goes into rapid eye movement sleep after about 60 to 90 minutes. Dreams occur during REM sleep, and the brain keeps muscles limping during this stage of sleep, preventing people from representing their dreams. People with narcolepsy often enter REM sleep quickly, within 15 minutes of falling asleep. In addition, muscle weakness or dream activity of REM sleep can occur while awake or absent during sleep. Many patients do not have all the symptoms of narcolepsy, for example, they may be tired and have to take multiple naps without having cataplexy.
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness or recurring, uncontrollable sleep periods during normal waking hours, usually with sudden, temporary episodes of muscle weakness. Other symptoms include sleep paralysis, vivid dreams, and hallucinations when falling asleep or waking up from sleep. The main symptoms of narcolepsy type 1 are excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, hypnagogic hallucinations and nocturnal sleep disturbances. It affects about 0.03% of the population in most countries of the world. The MSLT assesses daytime sleepiness by measuring how quickly a person falls asleep and whether they enter REM sleep. The day after PSG, an individual is asked to take five short naps, separated by two hours over the course of a day.
In general, patients feel exhausted all the time and fall asleep as soon as they don’t move or aren’t stimulated. In addition to this background of constant drowsiness, sudden attacks of sleep may appear that are so strong that the patient cannot stay awake and struggle. If the patient can, he/she would take a nap and feel better very often, even after a minute of sleep. And while muscle paralysis is a normal part of REM sleep, someone with narcolepsy may experience sleep paralysis immediately after waking up or falling asleep, rather than at a more typical point during the sleep cycle. In relation to ESD, people with narcolepsy often have difficulty concentrating or concentrating, making daily activities such as driving and cooking dangerous. Drowsiness can be so powerful that someone with narcolepsy can suddenly fall asleep, even if they are in the middle of a conversation or task.
Affected people often have realistic and disturbing dreams and can represent their dreams by moving excessively or talking while sleeping. Many people with narcolepsy also experience sleep paralysis, which is an inability to move or speak for a short period of time while falling asleep or waking up. The combination of hallucinations, vivid dreams and sleep paralysis is often frightening and unpleasant for affected individuals. None of the medications currently available allow people with narcolepsy to consistently maintain a completely normal state of alertness.
Narcolepsy also causes the body to make a rapid transition between sleep-wake states. People with narcolepsy fall asleep quickly and go into REM sleep much faster than people without this condition. Narcoleptic patients often wake up at night and spend time in abnormal intermediate states in which they are not fully asleep or fully awake, which manifests as cataplexy, sleep paralysis and hallucinations. Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects your ability to wake up and sleep.
If the impulse becomes overwhelming, people will fall asleep for periods of a few seconds to a few minutes. Your doctor will ask about your medical history and perform a physical examination. They will look for a history of excessive daytime sleepiness and episodes of sudden loss of muscle tone.
People with narcolepsy have excessive and uncontrollable daytime sleepiness. They can also suddenly fall asleep at any time, during any type of activity. People with cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and/or hyponagogic hallucinations may be treated with certain antidepressants. In particular, doctors Buy Modafinil Online often prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which suppress rapid eye movement sleep to help relieve these symptoms. These medications include, for example, fluoxetine, sertraline, atomoxetine and venlafaxine. The most common side effects are decreased sex drive and delayed orgasm.